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Everything You Need To Know About Auto Insurance

Plenty of people looking for a car loan in Hamilton, plus car owners don’t really know much about auto insurance. Maybe you already know having insurance is the law in Canada, but that’s about it.

There are quite a few confusing terms used by insurance companies. To you it might all sound like some sort of strange foreign language, but it is possible to understand what’s being said. You’ll learn what these terms mean, so you can successfully navigate insurance documents.

Other components of the auto insurance world are explained in enough detail you can select a policy without confusion. With this knowledge, you’ll better understand what on your car is covered and why.


Auto insurance can be a confusing thing to understand. There’s a whole set of terms used in auto insurance, plus different procedures and rules that aren’t intuitive. It’s enough to leave you feeling like your head is spinning, especially after looking for a car loan in Hamilton.

Following is a general overview of auto insurance. Important points are touched upon, so you know how to navigate the system when setting up and managing your own car.

Why Have It?

It’s actually the law to have insurance on a car you own. This is good to know before you try getting a car loan in Hamilton. Driving around on public roads without insurance can result in your receiving a hefty citation. Besides, insurance actually protects you in the event of an incident.

Depending on your insurance coverage, it may save you from having to pay for damage to your car. We all know accidents can happen, so having that extra protection is just a smart idea.

Even more concerning is if you’re blamed for an accident which damages another person’s vehicle or causes them physical injury. Without auto insurance, you’d have to pay to rectify those problems out of your own pocket. The insurance company will cover these costs, if you’re carrying coverage.


There seems to be some confusion among the public about what’s covered by an auto insurance policy. The details of each policy can be different, so always read over the entire agreement before signing it.

That said, there are five major elements covered by auto insurance:
– Drivers
– Passengers
– Other People Involved
– Your Car
– Other Cars Involved

Depending on the province, passengers and other people injured in a crash might be required to make a claim through their own insurance policy first, before your insurance can cover anything. This helps to protect you as you secure a car loan for Hamilton or the surrounding area.

Insurance protects you and your car.

There should be a principal driver for the car included on the insurance policy. This is the person who drives the car the most. You must list additional drivers who might use the vehicle. If any of those additional drivers have a tarnished record, your insurance premiums might increase as a result.

When it comes to making a claim through your insurance, you must understand what’s covered by your policy. In Canada, provinces and territories require that every vehicle and driver be covered by mandatory coverage for auto insurance. Exactly what that entails depends on the province.

Coverage for damage caused to other cars, as well as injury to other people, is called liability insurance. This is a key figure for you to focus on when choosing an insurance policy. Once the cost of damage and injuries exceed your coverage, you must pay the balance out of your pocket.

Your own medical expenses, plus any lost income you suffer as a result of an accident are covered by accident benefits. Quebec actually includes bodily injury coverage into the fees for a driver’s license registration, but the other provinces don’t.

While not required by law, collision insurance is more than just a good idea. Some policies includes this as part of the mandatory insurance coverage. Collision insurance provides for repairs or the replacement of your car after you’ve been in an accident. Without this coverage, you would need to pay for repairs or what it would cost to get another vehicle if yours has been totaled.

Comprehensive insurance covers damage done to your vehicle that isn’t the result of a crash. This might be a crack or chip in the windshield from flying debris, vandalism to the vehicle, or theft of the car or any part of it.

Riders and Endorsements

Optional insurance coverage, called riders or endorsements, can extend your protection into a number of different situations. When getting a car loan in Hamilton, this is something to consider. A rider or endorsement usually costs more, but the additional coverage can be worth it. Your driving record might mean some of these options aren’t available.

One popular rider covers using a rental car. Of course, if you go on vacation or even a trip for business, knowing you’re protected if something were to happen is a good feeling. This rider can also cover a loaner car for when your vehicle is being repaired.

Many Canadian choose emergency roadside assistance. Having your car break down, a tire blow out, or any other unexpected incident can be difficult to manage. This coverage would help you get a tow truck or other assistance to virtually anywhere, all without paying an inflated price.

Roadside assistance coverage is popular with Canadians.

A newer rider is accident forgiveness. Everyone makes mistakes, so sooner or later you might be found at fault for a collision with another car. If you generally have a good driving record and no other accidents where you’ve been cited, this coverage would keep your premium from increasing.

It’s surprising how many Canadians completely ignore gap insurance. Perhaps it’s that they don’t understand what this coverage is for, or they might not see how it could benefit them. Also called guaranteed auto protection, gap insurance covers the difference between what your car is worth and what you still owe on the loan, in the event your ride has been totaled. Without this rider, you’d need to come up with the difference or gap out of pocket. Especially if you’re looking for a car loan in Hamilton, like a model which doesn’t hold its value well, or you choose a long term for the loan, gap coverage is a wise thing to buy.

You should always know exactly what your auto insurance policy covers. Ask questions if you don’t understand your coverage, then add riders if you think they’re necessary.

Theft of Items

Unfortunately, there are people who break into cars to steal items out of it. You should avoid leaving valuables in your ride, especially in plain sight, if at all possible. Even if you’re careful, someone could smash a window or pick a lock, then help themselves to electronics, tools, or whatever else.

Sadly, most auto insurance policies don’t cover theft of personal items. A tenant’s or home insurance policy is usually what protects you in such a situation, so check those policies in that kind of a situation.


When you’re choosing an insurance policy or are dealing with a claim, you must understand what a deductible is. Deductibles are a huge factor when it comes to the affordability of a policy.

A deductible is how much money you pay out of pocket after making a claim before any coverage can be used. For example, if your car was vandalized with paint damage all over the exterior and the windows broken out, you must pay your comprehensive insurance deductible. That amount might be $500, $1,000, or some other amount. If the damage to your car is well above that dollar figure, you don’t have to come up with the entire cost, just the deductible.

As you select an insurance policy, you need to honestly ask yourself if you can cover a certain deductible. Signing up for a plan where the deductible would be crippling for you to shoulder at any given moment isn’t a good idea.

Usually, there are different deductibles for the various types of coverage, like collision, comprehensive, and emergency roadside assistance. As you secure a car loan in Hamilton, understanding how all this works allows you to start off with the right insurance coverage.


To really understand auto insurance, you need to have a firm grasp on premiums. It’s the amount of money you have to pay for the insurance policy. That amount can vary greatly from one individual to another, thanks to a range of factors.

One factor is the car you own. As you shop for a new ride, it’s a good idea to ask for a quote from the insurance company. This will help you avoid surprises, since you know just how much you’ll be paying to drive a specific vehicle. You can also get the insurance rating for any vehicle from the Insurance bureau of Canada’s Consumer Information Centre, if you prefer.

Many insurance companies look at your credit before providing a quote. While it might not fill you with excitement, having poor credit can result in a higher insurance premium. This is just another reason to work on boosting your credit score.

Naturally, your driving record plays a huge factor in what kind of insurance premiums you pay. If you have been in several accidents in the past few years, and especially if you’ve been cited as at fault for multiple incidents, expect your premiums to be steep. Speeding or other traffic citations can also adversely affect what you pay for insurance. You’re more of a risk for insurance companies if you have a habit of speeding, breaking laws, and hitting other cars regularly. Those factors can affect what kind of car loan in Hamilton you can get.

If you want to save money on car insurance, one way is to shop around for the best premiums possible. Ask for quotes from several different insurance providers, then compare the premiums before making a final decision. Remember that bundling home and auto insurance can lower the price for both premiums, so always check that angle first.

Sometimes your car insurance premiums increase for seemingly no reason. This can be upsetting or confusing, but you don’t need to panic. Instead, act logically to see what course of action you should take. Look through your entire insurance policy and reevaluate what coverage you need. It’s possible that what you value has changed, or that your lifestyle has shifted since you last looked at coverage.

For example, if your car’s resale value has plummeted to the point it’s low, consider getting rid of collision coverage. This will save some money on your premiums. You could think about raising your deductible, which in turn will shrink premiums.

There’s also the strategy of bundling your auto insurance with coverage for your home with the same insurance company. If you aren’t already doing this, a significant savings is usually opened up this way.

If you’re still not satisfied with an insurance premium increase, shop around. Insurance companies are constantly working to steal business away from each other. You can benefit in a big way from this competition.


Sometimes you might hand the keys to your car over for someone else to drive. Maybe it’s a family member who doesn’t have a vehicle, or a friend whose car is getting repairs. Whatever the reason, if the person gets in an accident, it might go on your insurance record.

If the person you let borrow your car is cited for the accident, it can go against you. That means a possible insurance premium increase, even though technically you might be an excellent driver.

Making a Claim

If there has been an incident with your car, you can make a claim through the auto insurance policy. Some insurance companies allow you to make a claim using a smartphone app, while others have websites or other methods.

Be prepared to explain what happened in great detail. Insurance companies are always scrutinizing claims. This is in part because people try to make false claims as a way to get money dishonestly. Also, insurance companies must pay the other person’s insurance for damages if you’re found responsible for an accident. As a result, insurance companies always launch an investigation to conclude the truthfulness of any claim.

Making a car insurance claim means explaining what happened.

Just how much money you get from an insurance claim depends on your insurance policy. The insurance company might decide to simply pay for the repair of your vehicle. If the damage exceeds the value of the car, the insurance company might just write it off as a total loss. That means you get a cash settlement and can use that to go get a new ride.

The timeframe for making a claim and receiving a resolution from your insurance company really depends on the situation. If the insurance company needs to perform an in-depth investigation, that can delay the settlement by days or weeks. When you need to supply certain information for the claim investigation, any delay on your part will also push back the settlement.

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